Last edited by Tejas
Tuesday, August 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of HIV risk behaviours among addictions clients found in the catalog.

HIV risk behaviours among addictions clients

Darlene James

HIV risk behaviours among addictions clients

by Darlene James

  • 238 Want to read
  • 18 Currently reading

Published by Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission in [Edmonton, Alta.?] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Drug addicts -- Sexual behavior.,
  • HIV infections -- Risk factors.,
  • Intravenous drug abuse -- Complications.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    StatementDarlene James and Kathy Huebert.
    ContributionsHuebert, Kathy., Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC564 .J353 1991
    The Physical Object
    Pagination[35] p. ;
    Number of Pages35
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL1284214M
    LC Control Number92142313

    Sexual behavior modifications include the use of condoms, serosorting by which HIV-positive persons engage in unprotected sex only with other HIV-positive persons, the practice of lower HIV transmission risk sexual behaviors, such as oral sex or mutual masturbation with HIV-negative partners, or sexual abstinence (Golub et al., ). 14 Colfax GN, Cornelisse P, Buchbinder SP, et al. Sexual risk behaviors and implications for secondary HIV transmission during and after HIV seroconversion. AIDS ;– 15 Van Kesteren NM, Hospers HJ, Kok G. Sexual risk behavior among HIV-positive men who have sex with men: a literature review. Patient Educ Couns ;–

      And social distancing messages don’t necessary address common substance use behaviors that increase the risk of COVID The fear of coronavirus among people experiencing addiction and homelessness in Boston is palpable. In shelters, the virus has the potential to spread like wildfire with life-threatening consequences. Reducing HIV sexual risk behaviors among runaway adolescents. NIMH. Runaway female and male youth; mostly African American and Hispanic (N = ), New York City. Schilling, El-Bassel. Schinke, Gordon, Nichols () Building skills of recovering women drug users to reduce heterosexual AIDS transmission. NIDA. Female methadone patients [N =

    STI/HIV testing counsellors conducted the behavioural risk assessments for all clients who received testing or treatment services at the LAGLC during the study period. Included on the assessment were questions about demographics, drug use, recent sexual behaviour and social networking methods used to meet sexual partners. Despite high rates of past year HIV testing, study participants also reported high rates of HIV risk behavior, suggesting there is still significant unmet need for HIV prevention among homeless men. Having recently used medical/dental services in the Skid Row area (OR: ; CI: , ), and being a military veteran (OR: ; CI: –4.


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HIV risk behaviours among addictions clients by Darlene James Download PDF EPUB FB2

The pandemics of substance abuse and HIV/AIDS are clearly moving along similar paths, and each continues to present unique, yet interrelated, challenges. First, both disorders are considered to be chronic--that is, lifelong diseases.

Second, substance abuse is a primary risk behavior for HIV infection. Third, a diagnosis of HIV infection or related conditions can be a stressor for an. An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video. An illustration of an audio speaker.

Audio. An illustration of a " floppy disk. Software. An illustration of two photographs. HIV risk behaviours among addictions clients Item Preview remove-circlePages: HIV Risk Behaviors.

Related Pages. The risk of getting HIV varies widely depending on the type of exposure or behavior (such as sharing needles or having sex without a condom). Some exposures to HIV carry a much higher risk of transmission than other exposures.

For some exposures, while transmission is biologically possible, the risk is so low. Results. HIV risk behaviours fell into two broad categories: unsafe injecting and unprotected sex.

These risks occurred in the form of sharing of needles, unprotected oral, anal, and vaginal sex, sexual assaults, injecting drug use during sex, Cited by: 3. HIV gets passed from person to person in blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum), fluids from the vagina and rectum, and breast milk. So you're at risk when body fluids from someone who's.

Oftentimes, it takes little to mitigate risk. For example, the consistent use of condoms correlates to a fold decrease in HIV risk, while choosing insertive fellatio over insertive anal sex results in a fold decrease.

  Conversely, the presence of an STD or genital ulcer increases the risk of HIV by anywhere from to percent. McClelland, L.

Teplin, K. Abram & N. Jacobs () HIV and AIDS risk behaviors among female jail detainees: implications for public health policy. American Journal of Public Health.

Volume (Issue): 92(5) pp. Abstract. The authors examined the sexual and injection drug use HIV and AIDS risk behaviours of female jail detainees. Counselling in HIV and AIDS has become a core element in a holistic model of health care, in which psychological issues are recognised as integral to patient management.

HIV and AIDS counselling has two general aims: (1) the prevention of HIV transmission and (2) the support of those affected directly and indirectly by HIV. It is vital that HIV counselling should have these dual aims.

In order to investigate the role of risk preferences on sexual or health behaviours and health outcomes, we run the following estimations using ordinary least squares: S i = β R P i + ε i where S i is one of the outcomes of interest measuring either sexual behaviours with clients, the demand for STI/HIV prevention or STI/HIV status of sex.

Alcohol and HIV/AIDS. People with alcohol use disorders are more likely than the general population to contract HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). 1 Similarly, people with HIV are more likely to abuse alcohol at some time during their lives (1). Alcohol use is associated with high-risk sexual behaviors and injection drug use, two major modes of HIV transmission.

HIV: Issues with Mental Health and Illness is a comprehensive examination of the co-morbidity that exists between HIV/AIDS and mental illness. Internationally recognized experts in the field analyze the latest research on why HIV sufferers are at risk of developing mental illness and how people who suffer from mental illness risk contracting.

The Spanish HIV epidemic has been characterized by extremely high rates in IDU from the mid s to date, 16 and previous studies have pointed to a higher HIV prevalence and incidence among female than male IDU. 17 Few studies in Spain have been conducted on gender differences in risk behaviour among IDU.

An understanding of these differences. Malawi’s HIV prevalence is one of the highest in the world, with % of the adult population (aged ) living with HIV.1 Inan estimated one million Malawians were living with HIV Malawians died from AIDS-related illnesses.2The Malawian HIV epidemic plays a critical role in the country’s life expectancy of 61 years for men and 67 for women   HIV/AIDS and Substance Abuse and Addiction.

Drug abuse and addiction have been linked to HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (acquired immune deficiency disorder) since the epidemic began in the s. There are many aspects of addiction that play a role in the development of HIV/AIDS. In this age group, 57% of the infections were among young black/African Americans and 75% were among young men who have sex with men (MSM).

1 Among youth living with HIV inCDC estimates that almost 60% had undiagnosed infections and were unaware they had HIV. 1 Trends in HIV/AIDS prevalence indicate that the disproportionate burden of. HIV infection is particularly prevalent among gay and bisexual men (men who have sex with men, or MSM) and transgender women who have sex with men.

15 SUD treatment can also help prevent HIV transmission among those at high risk. For example, addiction treatment is associated not only with reduced drug use but also with less risky sexual.

Research shows that treatment for drug abuse can lessen the spread of infectious diseases by reducing high-risk behaviors like needle-sharing and unprotected sex (Metzger et al.

Identifying those who are HIV+ and starting them on HAART treatment could not only improve their health outcomes but also decrease HIV spread (Montaner et al. The purpose of this paper is to assess the rates of HIV risk-taking behavior and sexual violence among clients with co-occurring addiction and intimate partner violence (IPV).

The current study also aims to determine whether HIV risk-taking behaviors (e.g. trading sex for money or drugs, having unprotected sex with multiple partners) differ among substance using IPV offenders with and.

Whereas the HIV risks of alcohol use are well understood, less is known about hazardous alcohol use among male clients of FSWs, particularly in Mexico. We sought to identify risk factors for hazardous alcohol use and test associations between hazardous alcohol use and HIV risk behavior among male clients in Tijuana.

RESULTS: Among clients (86% of those enrolled), there were no significant effects of planned duration of treatment upon Addiction Severity Index scores or HIV risk behavior. In the relapse prevention program, clients randomized to the 6-month program had a longer time to first drug use than those in the 3-month program (hazard ratio =.

An update of a recent systematic review of HIV prevention interventions, focusing on trials that have included HIV as an outcome. Results:Five major intervention approaches have been used: community-wide sexual health education, adolescent sexual health interventions, interventions among groups most at risk, promotion of HIV testing and counseling, and interventions among HIV-positive.

Stein MD, Hanna L, Natarajan R, et al. Alcohol use patterns predict high-risk HIV behaviors among active injection drug users. J Subst Abuse Treat ; Rees V, Saitz R, Horton NJ, Samet J. Association of alcohol consumption with HIV sex- and drug-risk behaviors among drug users.

J Subst Abuse Treat ; The overall condom negotiation rate with most recent two clients was 38%. facilities and assessed using the Addiction Severity Index.

in HIV/AIDS high-risk behavior among Native American.